Baltic Sea Fishing: A Complete Angler’s Guide
Apr 20, 2021 | 8 minute read
Reading Time: 8 minutes

The Baltic Sea is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean that kisses the shores of nine countries. And if there’s one thing all of these countries have in common, it’s that a Baltic Sea fishing adventure is great in each and every one of them. These adventures might be different, but they can all cater to your needs and desires, making this stunning sea a must-visit for any angling enthusiast.

Aerial view of a beach and the Baltic Sea in Poland

Whether you’re exploring the Gulfs of Finland, Riga, and Bothnia, or the southern parts of the sea, you’ll quickly find your trip to be an immersive experience. With over 5,000 miles of coastline, wherever you are, you’ll have a chance to enjoy a day in these waters. If you’re used to warmer climates, swimming probably won’t be enjoyable. Cruising these waters in search of fish, however, is gratifying for all lovers of the outdoors.

The youngest sea in the world, just 12,000 years old (a blink of an eye in the oceanic world!), the Baltic Sea is unique in many ways. What separates it from most other seas is the fact that its waters are brackish. This makes for very interesting wildlife, so read on to find out more about fishing in this wild body of water!

What to Catch

An infographic showing top fish species to target in the Baltic Sea, including Pike, Zander, Salmon, Flounder, Sea Trout, Cod, European Perch, and Herring

The brackish waters of the Baltic Sea make for a unique composition of wildlife. The fish found here are a combination of both freshwater and saltwater species. What’s more, the slightly salty waters contribute to increased growth of many species, so record specimens are commonly caught here. Coming up, a list of top fish to target in the Baltic Sea!

Sea Trout

As a symbol of the Baltic Sea, Sea Trout is a true staple of the area. Everyone that heads out on a Baltic fishing adventure hopes to reel in a big one. And they get big here! People break Trout records all the time, so it’s no wonder that it’s such a sought-after species.

A Brown Trout in the hand of an angler

Also known as Brown Trout, there’s a lot of variety when it comes to their appearance. They range from very small specimens to some of the biggest ones in the world. Why do they get so big here? Well, the brackish environment of the Baltic Sea’s waters is the perfect habitat for them, and Sea Trout thrive in this salinity. The abundance of food doesn’t hurt, either!

Salmon

One of the most iconic species, the Atlantic Salmon, is a highly revered fish in this part of the world. And fishing for Salmon in the Baltic Sea is an experience in itself. What makes it so popular? Well, they’re a feisty bunch! Reeling some big Salmon in is no small feat, and what angler doesn’t like a challenge?

An angler holding a Salmon in Finland

Another thing that’s helped Salmon fishing become so popular is the conservation work in the region. There’s a healthy population of this species now, and this has paved way for Salmon trolling to become the most popular way of going after this fish. Hop on the Salmon train and experience the thrill of the Baltic for yourself!

Northern Pike

When it comes to fishing in the Baltic Sea, there’s one thing that immediately comes to mind. We’re, of course, talking about Pike fishing! This is a world-famous spot for Pike enthusiasts, so if you’re looking for some of the biggest specimens, the Baltic Sea should be at the top of your list.

An angler holding a Pike on a boat in the Baltic Sea

They’re big, feisty, and super fun to target – everything a true angler would look for in a fish. Normally found inland in freshwater, the Baltic Sea is an exception and you can find them in abundance here. This is the case thanks to the specific conditions created by these brackish waters – and we’re thankful for that!

Zander

Another one of Europe’s highly sought-after targets, Zander fishing is especially interesting in the Baltic Sea. Zander require warmer waters so you’ll find them around the inner bays, where they like to hunt in nutrient-rich waters. They’re very specific about the environment they need to thrive, and it’s safe to say that the Baltic Sea ticks all the boxes.

Happy angler holding a Zander on a boat in Finland

Known as Pike Perch in this part of the world, this is one species that’s got everyone talking. It’s a joy to target thanks to its game qualities – not to mention its tasty flesh! It’s one of the most delicious fish, so you’ve got yourself double the fun – an action-packed trip, as well as a tasty meal. What more could you ask for?

European Flounder

If there’s one fish we can say you’ll find in abundance in the Baltic Sea, it’s European Flounder. One of the most popular game fish here, this Flatfish is the top target for anyone looking to have a true Baltic fishing adventure. Also known as White Fluke, it’s another fish that really thrives in brackish waters.

A European Flounder in the hands of a fisherman on the shore night fishing

You’ll find that going after European Flounder is one of the most exciting experiences you can have. Depending on where you are, you can target them from the beach, or you can try out some bottom fishing techniques. Either way, you’re bound to have a lot of fun!

And More!

While these are some of the most popular fish people go after in this part of the world, there are so many more species you’ll come across in the Baltic Sea. Other inhabitants of these waters include Cod, Sprat, and Herring.

A happy angler holding a European Perch on a boat

And if you’re fishing for food, European Perch is one of the most important delicacies here.

How to Fish in the Baltic Sea

Like we already mentioned, the Baltic Sea is young, but it’s in no way small. With a wide variety of habitats and a myriad of places you can explore, it’s no wonder that there are so many different ways to go about a trip. We’ve highlighted some of the most popular ones, so read on to plan yours!

Charter Fishing

By now you’ve probably figured out that there’s a lot of ground to cover when fishing in the Baltic Sea. And what’s the best way to do that? Heading out on a charter boat, of course! If boating is your preferred way of fishing, and if you’re looking to explore as much of this natural gem as you can, this is your best bet.

Fishing boat in the Gulf of Riga, Baltic Sea

Heading out on a charter is fun, but there are other reasons to go on a fishing trip by boat. You can cover more ground and switch spots easily in order to follow the fish. Another reason is the help you’ll get from a local captain. When you head out with an experienced angler who knows the area, your chances of breaking some records become much better!

Fishing on Foot

Did we mention the 5,000 miles of coastline? Yes, the Baltic Sea boasts some impressive opportunities if you’re looking to explore on foot. From surf fishing in Germany to pier fishing in Russia and wade fishing in Estonia, there’s a whole host of options to explore depending on your ambitions.

A Baltic Sea beach overlooking a fishing pier in the morning sun

One thing’s for sure, you’ll go home with a smile on your face and some bragging rights as well. Pike, Sea Trout, and Perch, as well as Salmon and Fluke, can all be caught in the waters off the coast of any country with access to the Baltic Sea. What’s more, fishing from the islands like Saaremaa and Gotland is a special experience.

Kayak Fishing

As one of the most interesting ways to cast a line, kayak fishing has been gaining traction in recent years. More and more anglers are opting to explore the great outdoors aboard a kayak, finding it to be just the challenge they need to up their game. Like them, you can sail out on an exciting adventure if you decide kayak fishing is the way to go.

An angler kayaking during sunrise out of Copenhagen on the Baltic Sea

Especially popular with kayak enthusiasts is the Stockholm Archipelago, as well as Klaipėda in Lithuania. If you’re up for a true test of strength, skills, and patience, this is the way to go. You’ll get to explore some of the most beautiful natural views up close, all while living an exciting expedition you’ll talk about for years to come.

Where to Go

Seeing as the Baltic Sea is accessible from a number of countries, you’ll find that there are a variety of places you can start your fishing adventure from. Continue reading for some more information on the different types of fishing trips you can have here.

An infographic showing the top fishing spots in the Baltic Sea, including the cities of Stockholm, Helsinki, Gdańsk, Klaipėda, and Vaasa
  • The Stockholm Archipelago: Located just outside Sweden’s capital, you’ll be casting a line for some of the most prized species in no time. The thousands of islands you’ll get to explore are home to some of the biggest Sea Trout, Pike, and Perch.
  • Gulf of Gdansk: One of the most popular places to visit on the Baltic Sea, this gulf has some stunning nature. Come experience the local culture and have a true Polish fishing adventure. Salmon is the name of the game here, but Sea Trout also get pretty big.
  • Helsinki: If you’re looking for a city break combined with some great angling, the capital of Finland is the place to be. Surrounded by the waters of the Gulf of Finland, you’ll get close to the deep sea without leaving the shore. Zander, Trout, Salmon, Pike – they’re all in the cards!
  • Klaipėda: The Lithuanian coast is something else! If you’re looking for a unique experience, visit Klaipėda, a port town steeped in history. Great for kayak fishing, you’ll be able to explore some of the most beautiful nature while targeting Salmon, Sea Trout, Perch, Cod, and Zander.
  • The Kvarken Archipelago: One of the most underrated fishing spots in the Baltic Sea, this is where you’ll avoid the crowds. Cast a line from the iconic Replot Bridge, or explore the many islands out of Vaasa, Finland. You’ll reel in some prized Pike, Herring, and many other species.

There are so many spots we wanted to include here, but there’s only so much space. In the end, the truth is that wherever you go in the Baltic Sea, you really can’t go wrong!

Seasons and Regulations

You’ll be happy to know that there’s always an adventure to be had in the Baltic Sea. Depending on the time of year, as well as your location, these adventures may differ. But they all have something in common – a lot of fish! Most of the species that inhabit these waters are year-round citizens, so feel free to visit whenever you’re up for some angling fun.

Signage signalling the sale of bait, tackle, and fishing licenses.

When it comes to regulations, it all comes down to where you’re fishing. As nine countries have access to the Baltic Sea, rules can differ depending on where you head out from. The Baltic Sea in general is characterized by major conservation efforts. If you’re new to the area, we always recommend seeking the help of local captains who’ll be the most knowledgeable.

The Baltic Sea: A Whole New World

If you’ve ever fished anywhere in the Baltic Sea, then you know just how magical it is. However, if you’re looking for a new fishing adventure, there’s hardly a place more out of this world than the Baltics. Such stunning scenery is rarely seen anywhere else, and the uniqueness of these waters is definitely something you should experience. Just take out a map and find a spot – they’re all equally beautiful!

Islands off the coast of Sweden in the Baltic Sea

Have you ever been on a Baltic Sea fishing trip? Was it a fun experience? Tell us about it in the comments below or ask us anything you’d like to know. We love hearing from you!

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