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Brown Trout (Salmo trutta)
Despite its name, the Brown Trout is actually a Salmonid fish that is related to the Atlantic Salmon. Native to Europe and Asia, it has been widely introduced across the United States, Canada, New Zealand, and Africa thanks to its exceptional game properties.
You would be forgiven for mistaking a Brown Trout when you hear it in conversation: it has a wide variety of names in the United Kingdom, such as Sewin (in Wales), Finnock (in Scotland), Peal (in the southwest of England), Mort (in the northwest of England), and White Trout (in Ireland). Whatever you call it, however, it will test your angling skills - this is one of the hardest Trout to catch, whichever angling method you are using.
Brown Trout are medium-sized fish and can grow to over 44 lbs (20 kg) and up to 39 in (100 cm) long in some places (although this is very rare). However, it is common for mature Brown Trout found in smaller rivers to weigh in at about 2.2 lbs (1kg) or even less.
When & Where
There are two main types of Brown Trout: the Salmo trutta morpha fario, which exclusively inhabits freshwater areas, and the Salmo trutta morpha trutta, also known as the Sea Trout, which spends most of its life in the ocean, only returning to freshwater to spawn.
The Brown Trout is native to Europe and some parts of Asia, and has been widely introduced to other areas worldwide. Now, it can be found across the United States, in the Great Lakes in Michigan, Wisconsin, Ohio, Illinois, Minnesota, and New York in the United States, and Ontario, in Canada. Apart from being found in the Great Lakes, Brown Trout can be caught in the USA from the Appalachians up to the north of Georgia, as well as many other states, including Montana, Colorado, and many more areas.
A Brown Trout caught on a charter with Gone Fishing Colorado
How to catch
Brown Trout have been testing the skills of anglers for many centuries, and were mentioned in literature as early as 1496, when they were referred to as a ‘right dainty fish’ in the Treatise of Fishing with an Angle. They are a popular target for fly fishermen and are also fun to catch on light spinning tackle, with spoons, spinners, plugs, and jerkbaits proving to be effective lures. These fish are easily spooked and require careful casting.
Good to eat?
Very, although are also commonly caught and released.
Fish Species Similar to Brown Trout
Rainbow Trout (Steelhead)
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